Landed Estates
NUI Galway

Kirwan (Cregg)

The Kirwans of Galway city were established at Cregg Castle in the parish of Annaghdown, barony of Clare, county Galway, by the mid 17th century. Under the Acts of Settlement they were regranted 3,634 acres. Their estate included lands in the parishes of Annaghdown, Lackagh and Kilcoona, barony of Clare, Dunmore and Addergoole, barony of Dunmore, county Galway and in the barony of Clanmorris, county Mayo. In November 1856 they advertised an estate of 5,885 acres for sale in the Encumbered Estates' Court and are recorded as still owning 4,308 acres in the 1870s. In 1803 Patrick Kirwan leased Cregg Castle and demesne to Francis Blake and went to live at nearby Baunmore, where his descendants were still resident in the early 20th century. Francis Blake is reputed to have won Cregg Castle in a game of cards. Richard Kirwan, the scientist was an 18th century member of this family. In 1856 Richard Andrew Hyacinth Kirwan advertised for sale 5,885 acres in the baronies of Dunmore and Clare. These lots were eventually sold in May 1857 to Nicholas Kirwan and Mr. Courtney. Parts of the estate of Denis Agar Richard Kirwan were vested in the Congested Districts' Board in July 1906 and April 1907 and negotiations were in progress for a further 1,000+ acre in March 1916.


Name Townland Civil Parish PLU DED Barony County Map Ref
Cregg Castle Cregg Annaghdown Galway Liscananun 69 Clare Galway OSI Ref: M357 376
OS Sheet: 69
Discovery map: 46
Baunmore Baunmore Annaghdown Galway Liscananaun Clare Galway OSI Ref: M372375
OS Sheet: 69
Discovery map: 46

Archival sources

  • Encumbered Estates' Court Rentals (O'Brien), Kirwan, 6 Nov 1856 & 21 May 1857, Vols 42 & 45, MRGS 39/020 & 39/022, (microfilm copy in NUIG); National Archives of Ireland
  • Account books of rents received on the Kirwan estate by Patrick Nestor, bailiff, 1849-1854 & 1861-1901. MSS 7990-7993; National Library of Ireland
  • Confirmation of arms to Sir John Waters Kirwan of Perth, Australia, a descendant of the Kirwans of Woodfield and Cregg, 10 Aug 1931. GO MS 111d: 53-54; National Library of Ireland
  • Pedigree of Kirwan of Cregg, Curraghan, Woodfield, Correnante, c 1650-c 1800. GO MS 112: 329a-330; National Library of Ireland
  • Manuscript map of part of Conagher, [parish & barony of Dunmore], Co Galway, traced by R.A.H. Kirwan, Kirwan estate map, mid 19th cent. 21.F.76(26); National Library of Ireland
  • Rentals of the estate of Richard H. Kirwan (and later of Martin O. Kirwan) in the barony of Dunmore, Co Galway, 1873-1904. MSS 4314-4316; National Library of Ireland
  • Encumbered Estates Court Rental, Kirwan, 6 Nov 1856, baronies of Dunmore & Clare. M24,247; Galway County Library
  • F.S. Bourke Collection, 3 volumes of information and anecdotes about the Kirwans of Woodfield and other Co Galway families, includes family tree of the Kirwan family, 19th century. MSS 9854-9856; National Library of Ireland
  • Cregg Castle photos & cuttings. 030/057; Irish Architectural Archive

Contemporary printed sources

Modern printed sources