Landed Estates
NUI Galway


Sir James Cuff was granted the town and lands of Ballinrobe, barony of Kilmaine, county Mayo, under the Acts of Settlement, date of grant 1 Feb 1667. Under this grant he was given 1,872 acres in county Mayo which included lands in the baronies of Kilmaine and Carra and 1,963 acres in the county Galway baronies of Longford, Dunkellin, Clare and Ross. He also received a small parcel of land in county Clare. By a further grant dated 27 May 1669 he received smaller acreages in the baronies of Kilmaine and Tirawley, county Mayo and in the baronies of Longford and Ballymoe, county Galway. He also received grants of lands in the parish of Kilmainemore, barony of Kilmaine and in the parishes of Kilbelfad and Crossmolina, barony of Tirawley. His son Gerald Cuff, collector of quit rents, bought land from Colonel John Browne of Westport, near Belcarra, barony of Carra and built Elmhall. He was succeeded by James Cuff of Elmhall and Ballinrobe Castle, who, in 1731, married Elizabeth, sister of Arthur Gore, 1st Earl of Arran. It was their son, James Cuff of Ballinrobe, who was created Baron Tyrawley of Ballinrobe in 1797. The Cuffs leased land in the barony of Tirawley from the Gores, mainly in the parishes of Ardagh, Crossmolina and Kilbelfad. The rest of their estates were in the parishes of Ballinrobe, barony of Kilmaine and Drum, barony of Carra. Most of the estates of Lord Tyrawley passed to his daughter Jane and her husband, Colonel Charles Nesbitt Knox. Their granddaughter, Harriet Gardiner, for a time claimed his Belcarra estate. From the early 18th century a branch of the Cuff family had an estate at Creagh, just outside Ballinrobe, but this eventually reverted to the Knoxes. In 1876 Colonel St George Cuff of Deel Castle owned 3,205 acres in county Mayo. Monuments in memory of family members are located in the Church of Ireland graveyard, Ballinrobe. A branch of this family resided at Ballymoe in the 18th century and intermarried with the Caulfields of Donamon and the Bagots of Aghrane.


Name Townland Civil Parish PLU DED Barony County Map Ref
Creagh Creagh Demesne Ballinrobe Ballinrobe Ballinrobe 23 Kilmaine Mayo OSI Ref: M163 655
OS Sheet: 117
Discovery map: 38
Elmhall Elmhall Drum Castlebar Breaghwy 63 Carra Mayo OSI Ref: M199 854
OS Sheet: 90
Discovery map: 31
Castle Gore Brackloonagh Ardagh Ballina Ardagh 14 Tirawley Mayo OSI Ref: G181 187
OS Sheet: 30
Discovery map: 24
Deel Castle Deelcastle Ardagh Ballina Ardagh 14 Tirawley Mayo OSI Ref: G180184
OS Sheet: 30
Discovery map: 24
Castle Lackan Castlelackan Demesne Lackan Killala Lackan North 98 Tirawley Mayo OSI Ref: G176 367
OS Sheet: 14
Discovery map: 24
Ballinrobe Castle Ballinrobe Demesne Ballinrobe Ballinrobe Ballinrobe 23 Kilmaine Mayo OSI Ref: M185 643
OS Sheet: 118
Discovery map: 38

Archival sources

  • Westport Estate Papers, Collection List 78; National Library of Ireland
  • Kenny Papers, including land agreements, estate management and financial records with some family papers. Collection list, MP03; Mayo County Library
  • Encumbered Estates' Court Rentals (O'Brien), Cuff, 19 Dec 1851, Vol 12, MRGS 39/005, (microfilm copy in NUIG); National Archives of Ireland
  • Pedigree of Cuff of Somerset, of Ballinrobe and Elm Hall, Co Mayo, Baron Tyrawley, Countess of Longford, 1544-c 1785. GO MS 168, 296-7; National Library of Ireland
  • Map of Deel castle demesne, 19th century. 16.1.3(4); National Library of Ireland
  • Arran Papers, photocopies of 18th century agents' letters and papers re lawsuit against James Cuff, Lord Tyrawley over lease of Castlegore, 1783-1825, [originals in TCD]. T/3200; Public Record Office, Northern Ireland
  • Gore, Earls of Arran. family and estate papers. MSS 7576-7635; Trinity College Dublin
  • Map of townland of Ballyviane [Ballyweeaun], parish of Ross, county Galway, the property of James Cuffe, Creagh, May 1828. 16 H 5 (12); National Library of Ireland
  • Map of Esker, Co Galway, estate of James Cuff of Creagh, by Henry Joynt and Son, 1841. 16.H.5(17); National Library of Ireland
  • Map of Esker, barony of Tiaquin, surveyed for James Cuff of Creagh by Patrick Browne, Sept 1823. 16.H.5(11); National Library of Ireland
  • Irish Tourist Association. Topographical and General Survey, 1941-1945. File Mayo East 1-24, parish of Drum (Elmhall); Mayo County Library

Contemporary printed sources

Modern printed sources