Landed Estates
University of Galway

Hyde (Castle Hyde)

A family who settled in county Cork in Elizabethan times. In the early 1850s John Hyde's estate was located in the baronies of Fermoy, Condons and Clangibbon, and Barrymore, county Cork and Ardmayle and Holycross, barony of Middlethird, county Tipperary. The first division (over 11,600 acres) of the estates of John Hyde comprising the manor, town and lands of Castle Hyde with other lands in the baronies of Fermoy, Condons and Clongibbons and Imokilly, county Cork, Coshlea, county Limerick, Clanwilliam Eliogarty, Kilnemanagh and Middlethird, county Tipperary, Galmoy, county Kilkenny, was advertised for sale in December 1851. Printed papers accompanying this rental in the National Archives refer to the history of the Hyde family and the surprise at the sale of their estates which is "attributed to mismanagement of the estates by agents rather than to any faults on the part of the possessors". There is also a [newspaper cutting] listing the purchasers of the various lots. This information was also carried in the Freeman's Journal on 8 December 1851. John Sadleir, Member of Parliament, bought Castle Hyde in trust for £17,525. Some of the purchasers of the county Cork lots were Michael Burke, Mr Teulon of Bandon, Alexander Deane and William Burke in trust for Arthur Guinness. Samuel Grubb bought some of the county Tipperary estate. The county Limerick portion was bought in trust for Arthur Guinness. The total amount raised from the sale was £83,620. In 1861 Castle Hyde was for sale again, the estate of John W. Burmester, William Corry and James Andrew Durham (bankers). In the 1870s John Hyde of Cregg, Fermoy, owned 8,919 acres in county Cork. Reverend Arthur Hyde was the owner of townlands in the parish of Ross, barony of East Carbery, at the time of Griffith's Valuation. His grandson, Douglas Hyde, became the first President of Ireland.


Name Townland Civil Parish PLU DED Barony County Map Ref
Castle Hyde Castlehyde East Litter Fermoy Castlehyde 129 Condons & Clangibbon Cork OSI Ref: W785 985
OS Sheet: 35
Discovery map: 80
Ballyenahan Ballyenahan South Derryvillane Mitchelstown Derryvillane 290 Fermoy Cork OSI Ref: R727 081
OS Sheet: 18
Discovery map: 73
Templenoe Templenoe Litter Fermoy Killathy 132 Fermoy Cork OSI Ref: W762 989
OS Sheet: 35
Discovery map: 80
Cregg Castle Creggolympry North Litter Fermoy Killathy132 Fermoy Cork OSI Ref: W771 989
OS Sheet: 35
Discovery map: 80
Ashfield House Castlehyde Fermoy Fermoy Castlehyde 129 Condons & Clangibbon Cork OSI Ref: W792 991
OS Sheet: 35
Discovery map: 80
Ardmayle/Clonmore Clonmore North Ardmayle Cashel Ardmayle 34 Middlethird Tipperary OSI Ref: S055 454
OS Sheet: 52
Discovery map: 66

Archival sources

  • Encumbered Estates’ Court Rentals (O’Brien), Hyde, 5 Dec 1851, Vol 12 (21), MRGS 39/005, (microfilm copy in NUIG); National Archives of Ireland
  • Encumbered Estates’ Court Rentals (O’Brien), Hyde, 9 July 1850, Vol 2 (15), MRGS 39/001, (microfilm copy in NUIG); National Archives of Ireland
  • Original correspondence from Rev. Samuel Hayman of South Abbey, Youghal, to J. N. C. Atkins Davis, MD. RA., Genealogist, re Parker of Lansdown, Hydes of Castle Hyde and Killarney, written 1845 -- 1869. Ms.802, p.14 ; National Library of Ireland
  • Rental and sale notice for Castle Hyde estate, 1851. U261. ; Cork City and County Archives
  • Genealogical will abstracts Arthur Hyde 1721 & John Hyde, Creg Castle, 1767. 999/5/1; National Archives of Ireland
  • Agreement between John Hyde of Cuggin, Co. Cork and John Green of Cappagh, Co. Tipperary concerning land in the baronies of Middle Third and Killnomana Co. Tipperary, Oct. 23, 1788. D. 19,837 ; National Library of Ireland
  • Longfield maps, undated survey of lands of Kilshenane, barony of Clanwilliam with tenants' names. Map of lands of Glenbane Upper & Lower, barony of Middlethird. 21.F.46 (4 & 21); National Library of Ireland
  • Irish Tourist Association Files, Parishes of Castletownroche and Fermoy; Cork County Library

Contemporary printed sources

Modern printed sources