Frederick Twining, a member of the famous tea family, came to live in Ireland in the late 1850s. On 14 Aug 1852 the Commissioners of the Encumbered Estates' Court conveyed to him 889 acres at Cleggan, part of the estate of the Martins of Ballynahinch. He built a house there and developed a farm, supported by his private income. His estate was divided among his daughters following his death in 1902 and Cleggan is now in the possession of his descendants, the Musgraves.
- Family Papers. Contact Hugh Musgrave, Cleggan Farm, Cleggan, Co Galway; Private Possession
Contemporary printed sources
- ''GRIFFITH'S VALUATION OF IRELAND'[Primary Valuation of Tenements]', 1850-1858. : Clifden Union, 38
- PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS. ''Return of owners of land of one acre and upwards, in the several counties .... in Ireland''. HC 1876, LXXX: 300
- PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS. ''Return of Untenanted Lands in Rural Districts, Distinguishing Demesnes on Which There is a Mansion...'', HC 1906, c, 177: 310
- HUSSEY DE BURGH, U. H. ''The Landowners of Ireland. An alphabetical list of the owners of estates of 500 acres or £500 valuation and upwards in Ireland''. Dublin: Hodges, Foster and Figgis, 1878. [available online at www.askaboutireland.ie] : 453
Modern printed sources
- VILLIERS-TUTHILL, Kathleen. ''Beyond the Twelve Bens: A History of Clifden and District 1860-1923''. [Dublin]: the author, 2nd ed. 1990: 140-145
- TULLY CROSS GUILD IRISH COUNTRYWOMEN'S ASSOCIATION, ''Portrait of a Parish, Ballynakill, Connemara''. Tully Cross I.C.A., 1985: 58
- ''Jnl. of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society'': LANE, Pádraig G. The General Impact of the Encumbered Estates Act of 1849 on Counties Galway and Mayo. XXXIII (1972), 44-74
- ROBINSON, Tim (ed). ''Connemara after the Famine: Journal of a Survey of the Martin Estate by Thomas Colville Scott, 1853''. Dublin: The Lilliput Press, 1995: p.96, footnote 14.